DO Ribeiro is located in southern Galicia on the north-west edge of the province of Ourense where the valleys formed by the rivers Miño, Arnoia, Avia and Barbantino meet. It comprises an area of 30 km2 with 2,685 ha of vineyards. Officially recognised in 1933, it is one of Spain’s oldest denominations. Most of the wine produced in this region is 85% white - average yearly production stands at 14 million kilos of white grapes and 2 million kilos of red (Mencia, Sousón, Brancellao, Caino and Ferrón). The native white variety, Treixadura, is the top grape variety in DO Ribeiro along with other authorised whites, Loureira, Albariño, Torrontes, Godello, Lado, Macabeo and Albillo. The Treixadura grape is similar to Albariño but less glyceric producing aromatic, smooth and elegant wines evoking fruit with delicate floral notes and balsamic touches. They easily reach 1213.5% abv, compensated by a total acidity of between 5.5 and 7g/l, making them fresh, balanced, flavourful and unctuous. Vineyards in Ribeiro lie between 75 and 400m above sea level, several on steep terraces known locally as ‘localcos’ or ‘bocaribeiras’ that follow the contours of the land. The soils have a depth of between 70 and 100cm of granite origin with a high content of stones and gravel which improves the structure of the soil and reflects sunlight onto the vines. The area owes its distinctive climate to its sheltered position and its location in southern Galicia. The land is well protected by natural barriers from sub-Atlantic storms and enjoys an Oceanic-Mediterranean eco-climate, making it damp with mild temperatures having an annual average of 14.5° C. Average annual rainfall is 950mm, but the Mediterranean tendency of the climate ensures that the average temperature may be twice as high during the summer months. This mixed Oceanic and Mediterranean climate allows the grapes to ripen while preserving their aromas and acidity.
Established in 1999, Bodegas Nairoa is a modern winery situated on the banks of the Arnoia River in a traditional manor house of Galician-style architecture. It was originally owned by Camilo Alberte, a small colleiteiro, but after his death was bought by a group of neighbours who wanted to carry on his good work. Each vintage undergoes a rigorous selection of high quality grapes and a traditional vinification using the latest technological advances. Nairoa produce ‘high expression’ wines, personal, complex and harmonious, with their native Treixadura, a fruity, floral variety with similar characteristics to the Albariño. The Nairoa vineyards, 24 ha in total, are located on the sunny slopes of the region of Arnoia at a medium altitude of 400m above sea level, where the granite soils and the Atlantic climate encourage the growth of healthy, top quality vines. The low yields accentuate the varietal and ‘terroir’ characteristics. Oenologist: Serafin Medina.
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